adventure of my life (Hajime Hirayama:平山新)

2013 4Q

Asakusa & Tokyo sky tree 2013.12.28

ASAKUSA Walking Course 2013-12-28 12.42.10 2013-12-28 13.03.08 2013-12-28 12.56.49 2013-12-28 12.21.43 2013-12-28 12.27.03 2013-12-28 12.17.11

Okinawa

IMGP0384 Shuri Palace (a Palace of Ryūkyū Kingdom) Okinawa Prefecture is the southernmost prefecture of Japan. It comprises hundreds of the Ryukyu Islands in a chain over 1,000 kilometres long. The Ryukyus extend southwest from Kyūshū to Taiwan. The Okinawa Prefecture encompasses the southern two thirds of that chain. Okinawa's capital, Naha, is located in the southern part of Okinawa Island.The island is largely composed of coral, and rainwater filtering through that coral has given the island many caves, which played an important role in the Battle of Okinawa. Gyokusendo is an extensive limestone cave in the southern part of Okinawa's main island. climate The island experiences temperatures above 20 °C for most of the year. Okinawa and the many islands that make up the prefecture contains some of the most abundant coral reefs found in the world. Rare blue corals are found off of Ishigaki and Miyako islands as are numerous species throughout the chain. History Agricultural societies begun in the 8th century slowly developed until the 12th century. Since the islands are located at the eastern perimeter of the East China Sea relatively close to Japan, China and South-East Asia, the Ryūkyū Kingdom became a prosperous trading nation. Also during this period, many Gusukus, similar to castles, were constructed. The Ryūkyū Kingdom had a tributary relationship with the Chinese Empire beginning in the 15th century. In 1609, the Shimazu clan, which controlled the region that is now Kagoshima Prefecture, conquered the Ryūkyū Kingdom.The Satsuma clan earned considerable profits from trade with China during a period in which foreign trade was heavily restricted by the shogunate. Ryukyu han became Okinawa Prefecture of Japan in 1879, even though all other hans had become prefectures of Japan in 1872. In 1912, Okinawans first obtained the right to vote for representatives to the national Diet which had been established in 1890. Battle of Okinawa A quarter of the civilian population died during the 1945 Battle of Okinawa. The dead, of all nationalities, are commemorated at the Cornerstone of Peace. After the end of World War II in 1945, Okinawa was under United States administration for 27 years. During trusteeship rule, the United States established numerous military bases on the Ryukyu islands. During the Korean War, B-29 Superfortresses flew bombing missions from Kadena AFB, on Okinawa, over Korea. The Battle of Okinawa, was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa and was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War of World War II. The 82-day-long battle lasted from early April until mid-June 1945. After a long campaign ofisland hopping, the Allies were approaching Japan, and planned to use Okinawa, a large island only 550 km away from mainland Japan, as a base for air operations on the planned invasion of Japanese mainland. Four divisions of the U.S. 10th Army(the 7th, 27th, 77th, and 96th) and two Marine Divisions (the 1st and 6th) fought on the island. Their invasion was supported by naval, amphibious, and tactical air forces. The battle has been referred to as the "typhoon of steel" in English, and tetsu no ame ("rain of steel") or tetsu no bōfū ("violent wind of steel") in Japanese.The nicknames refer to the ferocity of the fighting, the intensity of kamikaze attacks from the Japanese defenders, and to the sheer numbers of Allied ships and armored vehicles that assaulted the island. The battle resulted in the highest number of casualties in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Based on the names listed on the Okinawan government sources, mainland Japan lost 77,166 soldiers, who were either killed or committed suicide, and the Allies suffered 14,009 deaths (with an estimated total of more than 65,000 casualties of all kinds). Simultaneously, 149,193 local civilians were killed or committed suicide, more than one third of the total local population. The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki caused Japan to surrender less than two months after the end of the fighting at Okinawa. Himeyuri-no-tou The students of two girl’s schools of Okinawa at the time became nurse of Japanese soldiers and worked in the cave which was the hospital. The nurses also became victims of the war. 200 students out of 240(including 20 teachers) were killed . the place is now build memorial stone(monument) and I felt importance of the peace. Today Amerca’s base 20% of the Okinawa Tourist industry 5,5 million tourists per year ( 240,000 from overseas) Awamori: Okinawa's distilled alcohol Tropical fruits: mango pineapple  

2013 PREPARATION FOR INTERVIEW TEST

Licensed guide organized by Japan tourism Qrganization( a state exam.)
SUPPOSED Themes are  ON this PDF  FOR THIS YEAR'S TEST
I narrowed it down to some themes  and memorized them because of luck of my English ability.  

Hot spring that I recommend

There are many hot springs in JAPAN.  Each hot spring has own appeal points, such as  facilities, quality  ,rustic atmosphere , entertainment and so on. One of the good onsen is Hakone Onsen. Hakone is the area include Yumoto, Miyanosita, Goura, Senngoku-bara, and so on. This area has been made by volcanic action since 400,000 years ago, and now steam still is rising from the ground. There are many appeal points in this area. 1.Beautiful landscape This area was designated as the national park along with Mt.fuji. 2.Easy to access Located west of Tokyo 2hours by bus or train:  easy to go:  one-day trip possible 3.The effectiveness of the Hot Spring Effective for the diseases of stomach, neurosis, joint and so on. 4.Many good restaurants, museums, historical spots 5.Outdoor activities Hiking, fishing, boat riding, shopping There are too many to mention. Hakone onsen makes you feel comfortable.  It’s like you are “in heaven.”  100%.   HAKONE SEKISYO This area has developed as resort after the late 19th century. Before the middle 19th century, this place was important place for checking station called hakone sekiso.  This place was on the main road called TOUKAI-DOU which linked Edo and Kyoto. The checking point ruins have been restored recently.  Adjacent to the point , there is a museum and it displays many historical items such as the miniature local loads procession(pilgrimage)  on the load . You can learn the tour style of the Japanese middle ages vividly.   Rerated key word: Plot a rebellion against Bakufu. 新陳代謝するmetabolize  新陳代謝metabolism  regeneration Onsen has healthy aspects  

The most fascinating city I recommend

2013.11.20

Yokomaha is well known as the international port city. Same of the famous (representative) sightseeing place are Yokohama-habor(osanbashi ,yamasita-park),china town called Cyuka-gai, Akarennga-souko area, MINATO-MINAI district, to name just a few.

But today, I’d like to recommend visiting north residential area in Yokohama  for foreigners.  This area has developed  for 40 years. On the course of development, there are many ruins and historical items. And these are preserved and displayed in the Yokohama history museum. This place is not well known but very impressive and highly recommended.

In addition, adjacent to the museum, there is Otsuka Relics Park. The relics in the park are designated as National Historic Sites and reproduced pit dwellings, moats and cemeteries  in Yayoi Era (ancient times)are displayed.

Also, "Tsuzuki Private House Garden" where the old house of the Nagasawa Family, built in the middle of the Tokugawa Period, has been reconstructed and the outdoor Plaza with athletic facilities make this museum and the park fun places to learn history.

  Near the park, there are many shopping malls. In these malls, there are  a variety of restaurants to select from Japanese to western. One of the fascinating shops is the shop called “100yen shop”. You can buy daily commodities at only 100yen and some are very unique and inventive. You can do bargain shopping for gifts. You can find Japanese daily life from ancient times to modern times.    

DEMOGRAPHICS OF JAPAN

2013.11.19 According to the census of October 2010, Japan’s population peaked about 128 million. As of May 2013, the population was estimated to be 126 million, making it the world’s tenth most populous country. In recent years, Japan has experienced population decline due to falling birth rates and almost no immigration, despite having one of the highest life expectancy in the world. Birth rate of 2012 was 1.41 children per woman, increasing slightly from 1.32 in the 2001-05 period. According to the Japanese immigration center, the number of foreign residents were more than 2.2 million people in 2008. But the number is very small. The population will decrease by some one million people every year. In 2060, Japan’s population will be 87 million and in the 22nd century, the population will further decline to 40 million, the number will be the same as in the Edo period.

“CAPITAL OF JAPAN”  VIEWING FROM HISTORICAL POINT

2013.11.19 The capital of Japan is Tokyo. In the course of history, the national capital has been in many locations other than Tokyo.Traditionally, the home of the Emperor was considered the capital. It is estimated that various countries in Japan were united around the 4th century. At that time, the ancestors of the current imperial family established a central government called Yamato Chotei. Maybe the pace of Yamato Chotei is the first capital. But the place in not known. There are various views of the location of the place. Many huge burial mounds found near Oosaka and Nara prefecture which were built around the 6th century. These are emperor’s tombs. So Emperors at that time were lived there and considered that the capital was near there.  The palace of Nara which was build emperor Monmu was found and restored. I think this Nara palace is the first capital officially found. It was built in 710. From 794 through 1868, the Emperor lived in Kyoto. After 1868, the seat of the Government of Japan and the location of the Emperor's home was Tokyo. In 1941, the Ministry of Education published the "designation of Tokyo as capital" . After World War II, the new Constitution of Japan transferred the state's sovereignty from the Emperor to the people. The people of Japan are represented by the Diet of Japan in Tokyo. So the site of the Diet is considered as the capital of Japan.

ASAKUSA, KYOTO

2013.11.18 ASAKUSA Asakusa has been known as an thrive entertainment town of various kinds of stage arts since Edo period. Sensouji temple is famous for its big lantern hanging from top of the gate, called kaminari-mon. This gate is a symbolic sightseeing spot in this area, along with the shopping arcade called Nakamise.   KYOTO’s geography, topology and climate   Kyoto is located at the center of the island of Honshu, Japan. Kyoto is in a valley inside Kyoto basin. This basin is surrounded on three sides by mountains Higasiyama, Nishiyama, and Kitayama, each with a height of about 1,000 meter or so above sea level.
Depending on the basin, it is very hot and humid in summer and very cold in winter. There are three rivers in the basin -  to the south, the Uji-gawa, to the west, the Katura-gawa and to the east, the Kamo-gawa.
Kyoto city makes up about 20% of the land in the prefecture with an area of some 800 square km.
The original city was arranged in accordance with traditional Chinese capital of Chong’an.
The facade of the imperial palace faces south, resulting in Ukyo (the right sector of the capital) being west while Sakyo(the left sector) is on the east. The roads are situated in grid pattern. Some district names such as Nakagyo, Shimogyo, and Kamigyo-ku are from grid name. These names are from ancient times.
 

Fantasy of Mt. Fuji.

2013.11.3 Mt. Fuji created an air of fantasy Today, Nov. 3rd.
2013-11-03 11.30.50 2013-11-03 11.27.50

NATIONAL HOLIDAYS

2013.10.26 New Year’s day Ganjitu or New Year ’s Day is the most important holiday in Japan. It is customary to make a first visit of a temple or a shrine, it is called hatsumoude.  Many family members gather and have a traditional special food called oseti and a special herbal sake called otoso.  Children receive gift of money called otoshidama from their parents and relative adults. Before the New Year ’s Day, people clean their house and their doorways are decorated with bamboo and pine branch called kadomatu and straw and paper decorations called shimekazari.   Oseti is a Japanese traditional new year’s dishes to be eaten during the first three days of January. There are various dishes prepared in layered, lacquered, colored boxes. Each of the dishes has auspicious meaning. Some of  the dishes are kazunoko or roe herring, which means fertility, kuromame or black beans, which means health, lobster which means longevity, and kazunoko or steamed fish cake. The dish's traditional colors are red and white - celebration color.   Seijin-no-hi Seijin-no-hi is coming of age day. Observed on second Monday of January, the holiday is to celebrate those who turn 20 in Japanese school year ending on April 1. Local municipal communities have ceremonies to celebrate them and invite to social responsibilities.   Kennkoku-kinen-no-hi Kennkoku-kinen-no-hi is national foundation day. Observed on February 11, it’s the commemorate holiday when the JAPAN’s first emperor Jinmu legendary enthroned in 660BC.   Syunbun-no-hi and syuubun-no-hi Syunbun-no-hi is vernal equinox day and syuubun-no-hi is autumnal equinox day. Both are usually falls on May 21, September 23 respectively. Both holidays have a focus on Buddhist philosophy of respecting ancestors. Relatives gather and visit the graves of their ancestors and attend the Buddhist services.   Showa-no-hi Showa-no-hi or Showa-day is a holiday falls on April 29. The legitimate definition of Showa-day is that reflecting on the Showa period of rapid economic growth and recovering the economy after the turbulent war period. The day was once commemorating as the emperor Showa’s birthday.   Kenpou-kinen-bi Kenpou-kinen-bi is Constitution memorial day. Observed on May 3, this holiday commemorates the day when the current constitution was acted in 1947.   Midori-no-hi Midori-no-hi is Greenery day. Observed on May 4, the day used to be celebrated on April 29, the former emperor’s birthday, to commemorate the interest in biology. When Showa-day is designated as a holiday on April 29, Greenery day was moved to May 4.    

5.3-inch Side-Roll OLED Display

2013.10.23 FDP International 2013 EXPO  in YOKOHAMA The front and both sides become the unified full-scale display screen. This product is made on experimental basis. IT's shining like a jewel 写真 写真 (1)
PAGETOP
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