Asakusa & Tokyo sky tree 2013.12.28ASAKUSA Walking Course
OkinawaShuri Palace (a Palace of Ryūkyū Kingdom) Okinawa Prefecture is the southernmost prefecture of Japan. It comprises hundreds of the Ryukyu Islands in a chain over 1,000 kilometres long. The Ryukyus extend southwest from Kyūshū to Taiwan. The Okinawa Prefecture encompasses the southern two thirds of that chain. Okinawa's capital, Naha, is located in the southern part of Okinawa Island.The island is largely composed of coral, and rainwater filtering through that coral has given the island many caves, which played an important role in the Battle of Okinawa. Gyokusendo is an extensive limestone cave in the southern part of Okinawa's main island. climate The island experiences temperatures above 20 °C for most of the year. Okinawa and the many islands that make up the prefecture contains some of the most abundant coral reefs found in the world. Rare blue corals are found off of Ishigaki and Miyako islands as are numerous species throughout the chain. History Agricultural societies begun in the 8th century slowly developed until the 12th century. Since the islands are located at the eastern perimeter of the East China Sea relatively close to Japan, China and South-East Asia, the Ryūkyū Kingdom became a prosperous trading nation. Also during this period, many Gusukus, similar to castles, were constructed. The Ryūkyū Kingdom had a tributary relationship with the Chinese Empire beginning in the 15th century. In 1609, the Shimazu clan, which controlled the region that is now Kagoshima Prefecture, conquered the Ryūkyū Kingdom.The Satsuma clan earned considerable profits from trade with China during a period in which foreign trade was heavily restricted by the shogunate. Ryukyu han became Okinawa Prefecture of Japan in 1879, even though all other hans had become prefectures of Japan in 1872. In 1912, Okinawans first obtained the right to vote for representatives to the national Diet which had been established in 1890. Battle of Okinawa A quarter of the civilian population died during the 1945 Battle of Okinawa. The dead, of all nationalities, are commemorated at the Cornerstone of Peace. After the end of World War II in 1945, Okinawa was under United States administration for 27 years. During trusteeship rule, the United States established numerous military bases on the Ryukyu islands. During the Korean War, B-29 Superfortresses flew bombing missions from Kadena AFB, on Okinawa, over Korea. The Battle of Okinawa, was fought on the Ryukyu Islands of Okinawa and was the largest amphibious assault in the Pacific War of World War II. The 82-day-long battle lasted from early April until mid-June 1945. After a long campaign ofisland hopping, the Allies were approaching Japan, and planned to use Okinawa, a large island only 550 km away from mainland Japan, as a base for air operations on the planned invasion of Japanese mainland. Four divisions of the U.S. 10th Army(the 7th, 27th, 77th, and 96th) and two Marine Divisions (the 1st and 6th) fought on the island. Their invasion was supported by naval, amphibious, and tactical air forces. The battle has been referred to as the "typhoon of steel" in English, and tetsu no ame ("rain of steel") or tetsu no bōfū ("violent wind of steel") in Japanese.The nicknames refer to the ferocity of the fighting, the intensity of kamikaze attacks from the Japanese defenders, and to the sheer numbers of Allied ships and armored vehicles that assaulted the island. The battle resulted in the highest number of casualties in the Pacific Theater during World War II. Based on the names listed on the Okinawan government sources, mainland Japan lost 77,166 soldiers, who were either killed or committed suicide, and the Allies suffered 14,009 deaths (with an estimated total of more than 65,000 casualties of all kinds). Simultaneously, 149,193 local civilians were killed or committed suicide, more than one third of the total local population. The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki caused Japan to surrender less than two months after the end of the fighting at Okinawa. Himeyuri-no-tou The students of two girl’s schools of Okinawa at the time became nurse of Japanese soldiers and worked in the cave which was the hospital. The nurses also became victims of the war. 200 students out of 240(including 20 teachers) were killed . the place is now build memorial stone(monument) and I felt importance of the peace. Today Amerca’s base 20% of the Okinawa Tourist industry 5,5 million tourists per year ( 240,000 from overseas) Awamori: Okinawa's distilled alcohol Tropical fruits: mango pineapple
2013 PREPARATION FOR INTERVIEW TESTLicensed guide organized by Japan tourism Qrganization( a state exam.)
SUPPOSED Themes are ON this PDF FOR THIS YEAR'S TESTI narrowed it down to some themes and memorized them because of luck of my English ability.
Hot spring that I recommendThere are many hot springs in JAPAN. Each hot spring has own appeal points, such as facilities, quality ,rustic atmosphere , entertainment and so on. One of the good onsen is Hakone Onsen. Hakone is the area include Yumoto, Miyanosita, Goura, Senngoku-bara, and so on. This area has been made by volcanic action since 400,000 years ago, and now steam still is rising from the ground. There are many appeal points in this area. 1.Beautiful landscape This area was designated as the national park along with Mt.fuji. 2.Easy to access Located west of Tokyo 2hours by bus or train: easy to go: one-day trip possible 3.The effectiveness of the Hot Spring Effective for the diseases of stomach, neurosis, joint and so on. 4.Many good restaurants, museums, historical spots 5.Outdoor activities Hiking, fishing, boat riding, shopping There are too many to mention. Hakone onsen makes you feel comfortable. It’s like you are “in heaven.” 100%. HAKONE SEKISYO This area has developed as resort after the late 19th century. Before the middle 19th century, this place was important place for checking station called hakone sekiso. This place was on the main road called TOUKAI-DOU which linked Edo and Kyoto. The checking point ruins have been restored recently. Adjacent to the point , there is a museum and it displays many historical items such as the miniature local loads procession(pilgrimage) on the load . You can learn the tour style of the Japanese middle ages vividly. Rerated key word: Plot a rebellion against Bakufu. 新陳代謝するmetabolize 新陳代謝metabolism regeneration Onsen has healthy aspects
The most fascinating city I recommend
Yokomaha is well known as the international port city. Same of the famous (representative) sightseeing place are Yokohama-habor(osanbashi ,yamasita-park),china town called Cyuka-gai, Akarennga-souko area, MINATO-MINAI district, to name just a few.
But today, I’d like to recommend visiting north residential area in Yokohama for foreigners. This area has developed for 40 years. On the course of development, there are many ruins and historical items. And these are preserved and displayed in the Yokohama history museum. This place is not well known but very impressive and highly recommended.
In addition, adjacent to the museum, there is Otsuka Relics Park. The relics in the park are designated as National Historic Sites and reproduced pit dwellings, moats and cemeteries in Yayoi Era (ancient times)are displayed.
Also, "Tsuzuki Private House Garden" where the old house of the Nagasawa Family, built in the middle of the Tokugawa Period, has been reconstructed and the outdoor Plaza with athletic facilities make this museum and the park fun places to learn history.Near the park, there are many shopping malls. In these malls, there are a variety of restaurants to select from Japanese to western. One of the fascinating shops is the shop called “100yen shop”. You can buy daily commodities at only 100yen and some are very unique and inventive. You can do bargain shopping for gifts. You can find Japanese daily life from ancient times to modern times.