adventure of my life (Hajime Hirayama:平山新)

Japanese History

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It is estimated that various territorial groups  in Japan were warring and later united  around the 4th century. At that time, the ancestors of the current Imperial Family established a central government called Yamato Chotei. Nevertheless, the periods during which the emperors, called tennou in Japanese, used political power was brief. The emperors transcended worldly politics because they are believed to be divine.  Most of the time, the real political powers were delegated by the emperor to the strongest leader of the time. In 794,  the Japanese capital move from Nara to Kyoto and  the Imperial court rules Japan until 1192. This time is called Heian period and flourished  distinctive Japanese paintings, literature and a varieties of Buddhist arts . The warriors, or samurai, became increasingly powerful and eventually took control of Japan toward the end of the Heian period, Beginning with the Kamakura Period (1192-1333) and ending with the Edo period (1603-1867), Japan was primarily ruled by military governments, or bakufu with the shogun at the head. The 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries were characterized by political instability, anarchy and civil war. In the mid-16th century, Europeans introduced firearms and Christianity to Japan. In the late 16th century the country gradually reunited under the leadership of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyosi. During the period of military rule, culture increasingly centered around the samurai. Zen and Noh flourished. Flower arrangement and the tea ceremony developed. Great temples, Shrines and castles, called shiro, were built. The Edo period is the time during which the Tokugawa Shogunate ruled from the city of Edo, which was renamed Tokyo in 1868. This period was characterized by a national seclusion policy called sakoku. Japanese culture and character evolved with virtually no influence from outside the country. It was this period when kabuki, ukiyo-e and sumo developed.  

original:

It is estimated that various warring countries in Japan were united around 4th century, At that time, the ancestors of the current Imperial family established a central government called Yamato Chotei. Nevertheless, the periods during which the emperors, called tennou in Japanese, wielded political power was brief. Believed to be divine, the emperors transcended worldly politics. Most of the time, the real political powers were delegated by the emperor to the strongest leader of the time. The Heian period (794-1192) saw the Japanese capital move from Nara to Kyoto. During the period, the Imperial court rules Japan. It was also a time when much of the culture took on a distinctive Japanese flavor. Paintings, Literature and a variety of Buddist art were created . Toward the end of the Heian period, the warriors, or samurai, became increasingly powerful and eventually took control of the country. Beginning with the Kamakura Period (1192-1333) and ending with the Edo period(1603-1867), Japan was primarily ruled by military governments, or bakufu with the shogun at the head. The 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries were characterized by political instability, anarchy and civil war. In the mid-16th century, Europeans introduced firearms and Christianity to Japan. In the late 16th century the country gradually reunited under the leadership of Oda Nobunaga and Toyotomi Hideyosi. During the period of military rule, culture increasingly centered around the samurai. Zen and Noh flourished. Flower arrangement and the tea ceremony developed. Great temples, Shrines and castles, called shiro, were built. The Edo period is the time during which the Tokugawa Shogunate ruled from the city of Edo, which was renamed Tokyo in 1868. This period was characterized by a national seclusion policy called sakoku. Japanese culture and character evolved with virtually no influence from outside the country. It was this period when kabuki, ukiyo-e and sumo developed.
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