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庭園:Teien   images from internet Teien refres to Japanese gardens. The gardens are basically landscape gardens  characterized  by a layout which seeks to duplicate natural scenes.  Such gardens typically have hills, streams, forests,  stone lanterns and tea houses.

盆栽:Bonsai images from internet

Bonsai is a miniature potted tree. dwarfing a tree requires pruning, pinching off new growth, and wiring the branches  and trunk. Some bonsai have been maintained  for hundreds of years, and are  very valuable. They are usually kept outdoors or displayed in Tokonoma  alcove  of the Traditional Japanese room. 枯山水:Karesansui  images from internet Karesnsui is a dry-style garden. The garden mainly use rocks and sand. The rocks  represent mountains and  the sand represnt  water. These gardens are often can be seen at Zen Buddhist  temples.  Their symbolic images are based on Zen Buddhist philosophy. 借景:Shakkei    images from internet Shakkei is a Japanese garden construction  technique aimed at integrating the background scenery of the garden into its layout. Representative samples can be observed in Sugakuin Rikkyu - Imerial villa and  the garden attached to Kinkaku-ji temple called golden pavilion, both are in Kyoto.